The Machinery Directive (2006/42 / EC) sets out the safety and health requirements, including minimum requirements, for machines, lifting and lifting tools, cables and more. This directive is required to apply CE marking to such devices and consists of a number of components.
First of all, it must be determined whether the product falls under the machine directive, taking into account all possible exceptions (commonly referred to as other directives). It also looks into the category of the product (machine, hoist or lifting tool, unfinished machine, etc.).
As a second step, the risk assessment follows, reflecting the essential requirements, including the residual risks. This maps both the boundaries and potentially dangerous situations. Repeating the risk assessment, including adjustments, will make the machine safer. There may also be additional requirements, such as lifting and lifting cases (see section 4, Appendix I). These steps, including the risk assessment and analysis, must be documented and placed under the technical construction file. The essential requirements also provide an overview of what's all in a user manual.
The next step is to set up the technical construction file. This includes all important data about the machine, such as a description, (technical) drawings, risk assessments (as described above), operating instructions, applied standards, etc. This collection of data from the machine is for personal use only and therefore does not have to be shared With the customer. However, the dossier must be shown to inspection bodies in the short term. The file must be kept for a period of 10 years.
Finally, a Declaration of Conformity is drawn up. Articles 12 and 13 of the Directive describe which modules to be followed for machines and unfinished machines, respectively. The designated attachments are then described in which legal requirements must be met.
First of all, the scope is considered, including the exceptions, to determine whether the machine directive applies.
Scope and exceptions of the directive
The machine directive applies to the following products:
• interchangeable equipment;
• safety components;
• hoisting and lifting tools;
• chains, cables and tires;
• removable mechanical transmission systems;
• Uncompleted machines.
In the CE Tool you will be guided through the essential requirements.